Risk Avoidance or mitigation

Risk mitigation, in terms of health, refers to the avoidance or reduction of behaviours that directly increase the risk of disease or death. Broadly, risk mitigation involves activities such as:

Pillar 5 includes the steps that individuals can take to reduce their own personal risk of avoidable morbidity and mortality.

Avoiding risk is important because…

Risky behaviour is the cause of…

Higher risk behaviours have a significant cost to societies and nations, as well as to the individuals who engage in these behaviours. Health budgets are consumed by these behaviours, and reduced employment, productivity and long-term social consequences, particularly among children, are all well documented as a result of risky behaviour.

WHO recommendations for avoiding risk…

Health risk mitigation has been a focus of the World Health Organisation since its inception.

Generally, WHO approaches each high-risk behaviour separately.

The WHO also has recommendations on limiting exposure to sunlight. Overexposure to sunlight is widely accepted as the underlying cause for harmful effects on the skin, eye and immune system, and is the primary cause of skin cancer. Four out of five cases of skin cancer could be prevented by avoiding UV damage. The WHO recommends avoiding midday sun, monitoring of local UV indexes, use shade, wear protective clothing, apply sunscreen and avoid tanning salons and sunlamps.

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